Ferns are flowerless plants and reproduce by spores. They are part of cryptogamous plants, like mosses, but have a vascular system for the transport of water and nutrients. There are around 14,000 species described. In our collection we have 166 species of the 448 we are currently planning to obtain.
Distribution and habitats
The Mediterranean climate is not the most favorable climate for ferns. The long-term drought poses a problem for them but some have found adaptations and others have selected special (wet) habitats.